The Different Types of Carpal Tunnel Surgery Explained

Carpal tunnel surgery, also known as carpal tunnel release, is a surgical procedure performed to relieve symptoms caused by carpal tunnel syndrome. There are several types of carpal tunnel surgery, including:

1. Open Release Surgery

Open release surgery is the traditional and most common approach for carpal tunnel surgery. It involves making an incision in the palm of the hand to access the carpal tunnel. The surgeon then cuts the transverse carpal ligament, which releases the pressure on the median nerve. After the ligament is cut, the incision is closed with sutures.

2. Endoscopic Release Surgery

Endoscopic release surgery is a minimally invasive approach for carpal tunnel surgery. It involves making one or two small incisions in the hand and wrist. The surgeon inserts a small camera called an endoscope through one incision to visualize the carpal tunnel. Specialized instruments are then used through the other incision to cut the transverse carpal ligament. This technique allows for a faster recovery time and less scarring compared to open release surgery.

3. Mini-Open Release Surgery

Mini-open release surgery is a hybrid approach that combines elements of both open release and endoscopic release surgeries. It involves making a smaller incision in the palm of the hand, similar to open release surgery. The surgeon uses a miniature endoscope to assist with visualization and performs the release of the transverse carpal ligament through the smaller incision.

The choice of surgery depends on various factors, including the severity of carpal tunnel syndrome, the surgeon’s preference and expertise, and the patient’s specific needs and preferences. It is important to consult with a qualified hand surgeon who can evaluate your condition and recommend the most suitable type of carpal tunnel surgery for you.