Types of Breast Cysts: What to Know and How to Treat Them

1. Simple Cysts:

Simple cysts are the most common type of breast cysts. They are typically filled with fluid and have a smooth, round shape. Simple cysts are usually benign and often don’t cause any symptoms. They may be detected during a breast examination or imaging tests like mammography or ultrasound.

2. Complex Cysts:

Complex cysts are less common than simple cysts and have additional components, such as solid areas or septations (divisions within the cyst). Complex cysts may have a higher risk of being associated with other conditions, including intraductal papillomas or certain types of breast cancer. Further evaluation, such as a biopsy, may be needed to determine the nature of complex cysts.

3. Radial Scar Cysts:

Radial scar cysts, also known as complex sclerosing lesions, are benign breast abnormalities that can mimic the appearance of breast cancer on imaging tests. Although the term “cyst” is used, radial scar cysts are not true cysts but rather fibroelastic tissue formations. They may require further evaluation, such as a biopsy, to rule out malignancy.

4. Fibrocystic Changes:

Fibrocystic changes refer to a spectrum of benign breast changes characterized by the presence of cysts, fibrous tissue, and glandular tissue. These changes can cause breast swelling, tenderness, and lumpiness. Fibrocystic changes are common and not associated with an increased risk of breast cancer.

It’s important to note that while most breast cysts are benign, it’s essential to consult a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and diagnosis. If a breast cyst causes persistent symptoms, grows in size, or shows concerning features on imaging, further tests or procedures may be recommended to rule out any underlying issues.