Begonia Basics: A Comprehensive Guide to Types of Begonias

Begonias are a diverse group of flowering plants known for their attractive foliage and colorful blooms. There are numerous begonia species and hybrid varieties, each with its unique characteristics. Here are some common types of begonias:

1. Tuberous Begonias (Begonia x tuberhybrida):

Tuberous begonias are known for their large, showy flowers that come in a wide range of colors, including red, orange, pink, yellow, and white. They have a tuberous root system and can be grown in pots or hanging baskets. Tuberous begonias are popular for their vibrant and long-lasting blooms.

2. Rhizomatous Begonias (Begonia rhizomatous hybrids):

Rhizomatous begonias have thick, creeping rhizomes that grow horizontally underground. They are valued for their attractive foliage, which comes in various shapes, sizes, and colors. The leaves can be textured, patterned, or variegated, making them a striking addition to indoor gardens.

3. Fibrous Begonias (Begonia semperflorens):

Fibrous begonias, also known as wax begonias, are compact, bushy plants that are well-suited for bedding displays or container gardening. They have waxy, glossy leaves and produce clusters of flowers in shades of pink, red, or white. Fibrous begonias are popular for their continuous blooming habit and tolerance to different growing conditions.

4. Cane Begonias (Begonia ‘Angel Wing’ hybrids):

Cane begonias are characterized by their tall, upright growth habit with bamboo-like stems. They have large, angel wing-shaped leaves with striking patterns or textures. Cane begonias produce clusters of showy flowers in colors like pink, red, or orange and can add a dramatic touch to indoor or outdoor spaces.

5. Rex Begonias (Begonia rex hybrids):

Rex begonias are known for their stunning foliage, which comes in a variety of colors, patterns, and textures. The leaves can have shades of green, silver, pink, purple, or red, often with intricate patterns or veins. Rex begonias are popular as ornamental houseplants, prized for their decorative foliage.

6. Semperflorens Begonias (Begonia x semperflorens-cultorum):

Semperflorens begonias, commonly referred to as bedding begonias or annual begonias, are compact plants with glossy, green leaves. They produce clusters of small, single or double flowers in various shades of red, pink, or white. Semperflorens begonias are commonly used in flowerbeds, containers, or as edging plants.

These are just a few examples of the many types of begonias available. Begonias can vary in size, growth habit, leaf shape, and flower color. It’s important to consider the specific care requirements of each begonia type to ensure successful cultivation and vibrant displays.