Everything You Need to Know About the Different Types of Arthritis

There are several types of arthritis, each with its own characteristics and causes. Here are some common types of arthritis:


Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis. It occurs due to the wear and tear of cartilage, the protective tissue that covers the ends of bones in joints. Osteoarthritis commonly affects weight-bearing joints such as the knees, hips, and spine, but it can occur in any joint.

Rheumatoid Arthritis:

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease where the immune system mistakenly attacks the joints, leading to inflammation and damage. It typically affects multiple joints, including the hands, wrists, feet, and knees. Rheumatoid arthritis often causes symmetrical joint involvement.

Psoriatic Arthritis:

Psoriatic arthritis is a form of arthritis that occurs in people with psoriasis, a chronic skin condition. It can affect the joints, causing inflammation, pain, and swelling. Psoriatic arthritis may also cause changes in the nails and other symptoms.


Gout is a type of arthritis caused by the buildup of uric acid crystals in the joints. It commonly affects the joint at the base of the big toe, causing sudden and severe pain, redness, swelling, and warmth. Gout can also affect other joints.

Ankylosing Spondylitis:

Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of arthritis that primarily affects the spine, causing inflammation, stiffness, and pain. It can also involve other joints, such as the hips, shoulders, and knees. Ankylosing spondylitis tends to affect young adults and may lead to fusion of the spinal vertebrae over time.

Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis:

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis refers to a group of chronic arthritis conditions that affect children and adolescents. It can involve one or more joints and may cause symptoms such as joint pain, swelling, and stiffness.

These are just a few examples of the many types of arthritis. It’s important to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment based on your specific condition.