Understanding Types of Arthritis in Hands: What You Need to Know

Arthritis is a condition that causes inflammation and pain in the joints, and it can affect the hands as well. Here are some types of arthritis that commonly affect the hands:


This is the most common type of arthritis and occurs due to wear and tear on the joints over time. Osteoarthritis can affect the joints in the hands, causing pain, stiffness, swelling, and reduced range of motion.

Rheumatoid Arthritis:

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease where the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks the joints. It often affects the small joints of the hands and fingers, causing inflammation, pain, swelling, stiffness, and deformities.

Psoriatic Arthritis:

Psoriatic arthritis is a form of arthritis that can develop in people with psoriasis, a skin condition. It can affect the joints of the hands, causing pain, swelling, stiffness, and changes in nail appearance.


Gout is a type of arthritis that occurs due to the buildup of uric acid crystals in the joints. It commonly affects the big toe, but it can also affect the joints of the hands, causing sudden and severe pain, redness, swelling, and tenderness.

Lupus Arthritis:

Lupus is an autoimmune disease that can affect various parts of the body, including the joints. Lupus arthritis can cause inflammation, pain, swelling, and stiffness in the hands and other joints.

It’s important to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment for arthritis in the hands. Treatment may involve a combination of medication, physical therapy, lifestyle modifications, and other interventions to manage symptoms and improve joint function.