A Guide to the Types of Ants in New Hampshire

Types of Ants in New Hampshire

New Hampshire, located in the northeastern United States, is home to several species of ants. These ants can be found in various habitats, including forests, fields, and residential areas. Here are some common types of ants found in New Hampshire:

1. Carpenter Ants (Camponotus spp.)

Carpenter ants are large ants that range in color from black to reddish-brown. They are known for their ability to excavate galleries in wood, including trees, logs, and structures. While they do not eat wood like termites, carpenter ants can cause structural damage if their nests are left untreated.

2. Pavement Ants (Tetramorium caespitum)

Pavement ants are small brown to black ants commonly found in urban areas. They build nests in pavement cracks, under sidewalks, and along foundations. Pavement ants are scavengers and feed on a wide range of food, including sweets and proteins.

3. Odorous House Ants (Tapinoma sessile)

Odorous house ants are small ants that vary in color from dark brown to black. When crushed, they emit a distinct, unpleasant odor often described as a “rotten coconut” smell. These ants are commonly found indoors, particularly in kitchens and bathrooms, where they search for food.

4. Thief Ants (Solenopsis molesta)

Thief ants are small, pale yellow to light brown ants that are typically found nesting near other ant colonies. They are called thief ants because they often steal food and larvae from other ant colonies. Thief ants are known to be attracted to sweets and proteins.

5. Field Ants (Formica spp.)

Field ants are medium-sized ants that can vary in color from red to black. They are typically found in grassy areas, fields, and forests. Field ants construct large, dome-shaped nests in soil and feed on a variety of food sources, including other insects and honeydew produced by aphids.

These are just a few examples of the ant species found in New Hampshire. Ants play important roles in ecosystems, but they can become household pests if their populations grow too large or they infest structures. If ant infestations become problematic, it is recommended to seek the assistance of a professional pest control service for effective management strategies.