Discover the Different Types of Antelope: A Guide to Species and Subspecies

Antelopes are a diverse group of herbivorous mammals known for their graceful appearance, agility, and impressive horns. There are numerous species of antelope found across different habitats in Africa, Asia, and parts of Europe. In this article, we will explore some of the notable types of antelopes, highlighting their distinctive features and habitats.

1. Impala (Aepyceros melampus)

The impala is a medium-sized antelope native to the savannas and woodlands of sub-Saharan Africa. Known for their reddish-brown coat with lighter underparts, impalas have distinctive black stripes along their hindquarters. Both males and females possess lyre-shaped horns, although those of males are longer and more curved. Impalas are highly adaptable and social animals, often forming large herds that provide protection against predators.

2. Springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis)

The springbok is a small to medium-sized antelope found in southwestern Africa. It is known for its unique ability to “pronk,” which involves leaping vertically with all four feet off the ground. Springboks have a sandy-brown coat with a white underside, and males possess long, slender, ridged horns that curve backward. These antelopes are highly gregarious and form large herds that migrate in search of food and water.

3. Grant’s Gazelle (Nanger granti)

Grant’s gazelle is a slender and fast antelope species native to East Africa. It is characterized by its sandy to reddish-brown coat, white belly, and distinctive black stripe running along its side. Males have long, curved horns that can reach impressive lengths. Grant’s gazelles inhabit grasslands and open plains, often forming mixed herds with other herbivores. They are known for their remarkable agility and ability to escape predators through rapid, zigzag running.

4. Gemsbok (Oryx gazella)

The gemsbok, also known as the South African oryx, is a large antelope species native to the arid regions of southern Africa. It has a striking appearance with a white to grayish coat, contrasting black and white facial markings, and long, straight horns that can reach up to 1.5 meters in length. Gemsboks are well-adapted to arid environments and can withstand extreme temperatures and prolonged periods without water. They are often seen in small herds or as solitary individuals.

5. Sable Antelope (Hippotragus niger)

The sable antelope is a majestic and robust species found in the savannas and woodlands of eastern and southern Africa. It is known for its glossy black coat, long curved horns, and a white facial marking that extends like a chevron between the eyes. Male sable antelopes possess impressive horns that can grow up to 1.5 meters in length, spiraling gracefully. They are predominantly grazers and form small groups or bachelor herds.


The world of antelopes is incredibly diverse, encompassing a wide range of species with various adaptations to their respective habitats. From the elegant impalas and agile springboks to the regal sable antelopes and hardy gemsboks, each type of antelope showcases its own unique features and behaviors. These remarkable animals contribute to the rich biodiversity and captivating beauty of the ecosystems they inhabit.