In Georgia, alimony is referred to as spousal support. Spousal support can be awarded by the court during divorce proceedings to provide financial assistance to a spouse who needs support after the marriage ends. The court considers various factors when determining spousal support, including the length of the marriage, the financial resources of each spouse, the standard of living during the marriage, and the earning capacity of each spouse. Here are the types of spousal support recognized in Georgia:
1. Temporary Spousal Support
Temporary spousal support, also known as pendente lite support, is awarded during the pendency of the divorce or separation proceedings. Its purpose is to provide temporary financial assistance to the dependent spouse until a final determination on spousal support is made. The amount and duration of temporary spousal support are typically calculated based on the financial needs of the dependent spouse and the ability of the other spouse to provide support.
2. Rehabilitative Spousal Support
Rehabilitative spousal support is awarded to assist the dependent spouse in obtaining education, training, or skills necessary to become self-supporting and financially independent. The court may order this type of support for a specific period, allowing the dependent spouse time to acquire the necessary education or vocational training to enhance their earning capacity.
3. Permanent Periodic Spousal Support
Permanent periodic spousal support may be awarded in cases where one spouse has significantly greater financial resources and the other spouse needs long-term financial assistance to maintain a reasonable standard of living. This type of support continues until the death of either party, remarriage of the recipient spouse, or a substantial change in circumstances. The amount and duration of permanent periodic spousal support depend on the specific circumstances of the case.
4. Lump-Sum Spousal Support
Lump-sum spousal support involves the payment of a specific amount of money as a one-time payment or in installments over a set period. Lump-sum support is typically awarded to achieve an equitable division of property or to provide a clean break between the parties.
It’s important to note that the specific type and amount of spousal support awarded in a divorce case in Georgia depend on the specific circumstances of the parties involved. The court has discretion in making spousal support determinations, taking into account the factors outlined in Georgia law. Consulting with a family law attorney is recommended to understand the specific guidelines and considerations relevant to your situation in Georgia.