Everything You Need to Know About Different Types of 9mm Bullets

9mm bullets, also known as 9mm cartridges or 9x19mm ammunition, come in various types designed for different purposes. Here are some common types of 9mm bullets:

1. Full Metal Jacket (FMJ)

Full Metal Jacket bullets have a soft lead core enclosed in a harder metal (typically copper) jacket. They are known for their rounded or pointed nose shape and are commonly used for target shooting, training, and competition. FMJ bullets are designed to penetrate targets without expanding, which reduces the risk of over-penetration.

2. Hollow Point (HP)

Hollow Point bullets have a cavity or hollowed-out tip designed to expand upon impact. When the bullet strikes a target, the hollow point causes the bullet to deform and expand, creating a larger wound channel and transferring more energy to the target. Hollow Point bullets are primarily used for self-defense purposes, as they are intended to maximize stopping power and reduce the risk of over-penetration.

3. Jacketed Hollow Point (JHP)

Jacketed Hollow Point bullets combine the features of a hollow point design with a metal jacket. They have a hollowed-out tip covered by a metal jacket, providing controlled expansion upon impact. JHP bullets are often favored for self-defense due to their reliable expansion and ability to deliver effective terminal performance.

4. Soft Point (SP)

Soft Point bullets have a lead tip exposed at the nose, allowing for controlled expansion upon impact. Unlike hollow point bullets, the lead tip is not hollowed out. SP bullets are commonly used in hunting applications as they deliver reliable expansion, adequate penetration, and effective energy transfer to bring down game animals.

5. Frangible Bullets

Frangible bullets are designed to break apart upon impact with hard surfaces, such as steel targets or walls. They are constructed using a mixture of compressed metal powders or other brittle materials. Frangible bullets minimize the risk of ricochets and splatter, making them suitable for close-quarters training, steel shooting competitions, or scenarios where minimizing the risk of collateral damage is crucial.

It’s important to note that the availability and legality of specific types of bullets may vary depending on local laws and regulations. Additionally, bullet performance can vary based on factors such as bullet weight, velocity, and specific design variations within each bullet type. When selecting ammunition, it is advisable to consider the intended purpose, local regulations, and seek advice from knowledgeable sources such as firearms instructors, ammunition manufacturers, or experienced shooters.